Dental caries is a common issue once acids in the mouth get separated from the external layers of the teeth. Although caries may have decreased in recent decades, it continues to be one of the most important health challenges.However, plaque forms the food a person presumes may alter both the amount of plaque and its composition even in the absence of nutritional content. If we think about dental caries, food that requires rigorous chewing can help clean the teeth directly. It happens with the help of friction and indirectly by saliva, tongue, and cheeks. However, it is important to remember that gingival teeth margins and the interdental space do not become subject to food friction while chewing.
We must understand how to take adequate care of our teeth to maintain them happy and healthy. Here we talk about the consciousness that helps us to maintain a cavity-free life in the long term.
What is the first stage of dental caries
Calcium and phosphate loss is the initial stage of dental caries.
The saliva can wash away sugars and buffer the acids.Again, fluorides facilitates this process and enables the calcium and Phosphates to re-enter the tooth to Re-mineralize the Enamel.
The Fluoride that enters strengthens the external layer of the Enamel.
This is the main reason for which the presence of Fluoride is so important. It boosts the phase of Re-mineralization. dental caries occur if the Demineralization is more rapid than the Re-mineralization.
The possibility of protecting teeth affected by dental caries depends on the capacity of the patient to keep bacteria under control. Again, keep in check the excess and frequency of the daily consumption of sugar. It doesn’t require adequate oral hygiene procedures.
Therefore, the perfect diet that balances our requirements is always advisable. It is not always pre cautioning rather our choice that causes caries.
The science behind Dental caries development
However, food is also a major factor that can change the size and structure of the plaque.
Regarding plaque level, food that requires careful chewing can help clean the teeth instantly with friction. So we should remember that during chewing on gingival teeth and interdental areas, there’s no friction.
Specific bacteria on the dental plate, although causes tooth decay by. We should always remember that various other variables associated can also create tooth decay. Teeth, bacteria, and sugar predisposition and intake frequency. These are the key variables that can improve dental caries formation. However, we can easily control the formation of caries if one of these variables is missing or significantly decreased. Thus, following a few steps and practicing some measures can reduce caries stress. Let’s discuss how to prevent it so you can have a smooth stress-free life.
Other reasons for tooth decay development
Several factors contribute to caries creation. The main one is:
Diet: Foods and beverages are rich in carbohydrates, in particular, sugary beverages between meals.
Food and sweet beverages-such as beverages, chocolates, sweets, sugar, and soda-often contain elevated amounts of carbohydrates in starchy products such as frozen products, white bread, and cookies. Carbs.
Low oral sanitation: The risk of tooth decay is very high if you do not brush your teeth frequently and feed on food residues. Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day.
Smoking and consuming alcohol: Regular smoking and drinking alcohol are at enhanced danger of tooth decay.
Dry mouth: People with reduced saliva concentrations in their mouths can create tooth decay more easily. Saliva helps maintain their tooth surface smooth and can neutralize acidity.
Signs and symptoms of dental caries
Cavities happen when a sticky acid film known as plaque sticks and accumulates in the teeth. This breaks down the tooth surface. We all know that incisors and upper incisors are present at the back of the mouth. As they are large flat teeth, their shape makes it easier for food particles to stay between them.
dental caries usually do nothing until it has reached an advanced phase.
Symptoms of tooth decay
- Sensitivity: When you eat or beverage something cold and sweet, you may have higher sensitivity or pain.
- Gray, brown, and black spots on the teeth.
- Bad breath: Bad respiration.
- An uncomfortable mouth flavor: When left untreated, tooth decay can cause problems such as teeth cavities or holes, gum disease, or infections.
When to consult a doctor about cavity
When to consult your dentist:
- Most people’s tendency to ignore and wait. They won’t consult a dentist until the moment they felt pain.
- Hence, we should remember that the longer time we will take to consult, the threat will be more.
- Again, it will be more expensive if we take the required remedy for that.
- Therefore, proper checkups and awareness we mostly prefer.
- If you ignore the problem, it might get worse and lose the tooth that is being affected.
- Even if you don’t have significant teeth issues, periodic checks are still essential.
- It helps the dentist detect the first signs of tooth decay causes. However, dental caries are much easier to treat in its early stages.
- Being active and staying disease free is our first essential. An adult should have a check-up at least once every two years and people less than 18 a year.
More proactive for kids' dental caries
We must act cautiously in case of kids. They always prefer consuming chocolates, cookies, which increases the threat of tooth decay.
- The dentist may suggest that you have more frequent check-ups if you have a history of dental problems.
- Again, if you think you will have a higher risk of developing tooth decay, they will advise you with more precaution measures.
- Dentists can easily recognize caries with a straightforward test. Also, they can sometimes check caries or diseases with x-rays.
- Dentist can apply fluoride varnish in the region to prevent further deterioration when the cavity is still in the early phases.
- On one hand, the restoration process is more costly if tooth decay has worn out the external layer of the tooth and caused a cavity.
- This is always a difficult practice, and we should always try not to be a victim of this.
How to prevent dental caries formation
The most efficient methods to avoid tooth decay are to keep oral hygiene because of good brushing and flushing.
- Several easy modifications to the diet can also contribute to bacterial plaque development.
- Fillings are also prevalent for elderly people to decay around the corners or a margin.
- Because of the lack of fluoride and contemporary preventive care for many elderly suffer with cavity. As adults grew up because of their lack of mindfulness, they often have several dental fillings.
- Over the years, these fillings may weaken and fracture and leak around the edges.
- Bacteria accumulate in these tiny crevices causing acid to build up, which leads to decay.
- These fillings may decrease over the years, causing fractures and leaks around the edges.
- In these small gaps, bacteria build up acid, which leads to decomposition.
- Bacteria always accumulate over those areas and create severe problems.
Tips to remember during brushing
At least two brushings a day and two minutes before you go to bed have always been advisable to have healthy gum.
- It doesn’t matter the time of the first brushing.
- Since teeth are full of debris, sleeping is generally a treat for bacteria in the mouth as they find the perfect environment.
- Again, after a meal, you should not brush your teeth as it may harm your teeth.
- Especially if you have taken fruit, soda, wine or any other food which includes acid.
- You can’t finally keep our mouth healthy if you brush your teeth in the wrong way.
- Alter the toothbrush routinely because it wears and is not less efficient in plaque removal.
- Equally efficient are both manual and electric pins.
- However, with an electrical brush, some individuals discover it simpler to clean their teeth correctly.
Try not to eat or drink anything for 30 minutes after brushing.
Choose the right mouthwash
The sodium fluoride mouthwash works best because it is an oxidizing agent.
- It eliminates bacteria and avoids the generation of more sulfur compounds.
- Using an alcohol-free mouthwash containing fluoride can help prevent tooth decay.
- Antiseptic mouthwash is very efficient in bacteria destruction.
- Overshadowing the gum line, and decreasing the sticky plaque film and early gum disorder (gingivitis), which could cause severely advanced gum disease when left unattended. However, after brushing, avoid it, many do by negligence. Dentists mostly advise not to eat or drink 30 minutes after rinsing.
Diet for tooth decay
To avoid tooth decay, it is necessary to restrict the quantity of sugar.
- Minimizing consumption also has wide health advantages.
- During meals, you can eat and drink sweets. But between meals, it is not nice to have these drinks.
- Processed foods contain most of the sugars we eat and drink.
- Again, We find it in abundant quantity and always the percentage is very high.
- In particular, some artificial sweeteners have proven not to contribute to tooth decay.
- Thus, it can be a good alternative if you want to add sugar to any food or drink.
- Chewing sugar-free gum after eating can also help prevent tooth decay.
- When we take chewing gum, the mouth produces saliva.
- This neutralizes the acid in the mouth before it can damage your teeth.
- Some medications may contain sugar, so it would be ideal to use sugar-free alternatives.
To flush is more important
Flushing is a key component of oral hygiene.
- It takes away plaque and food molecules between both the teeth and under the gums.It helps in reaching the areas where the brush cannot usually reach.
- Approach your flows with mild rubbing movement between your teeth.
- Don’t break the floss into your gums.
- Whenever the flow hits the gum line, curve it against a tooth in C form.
- Drag in between the gum and the tooth carefully.
However, clean with dental floss around teeth at least once a day. We can do this before or after brushing your teeth at night. You can consult the dentist or hygienist for various methods. Though we remove it, issues with dental decay and gum will grow.
If you haven’t been flossing, your gums might bleed when you start. To floss is not too late. Even though you’ve never started flowing, you very much start it anytime.
Treatment of dental caries
The therapy for the cure of caries largely relies on how advanced the issue is. Dentists recommend that they always go to it as soon as possible and not wait until they hurt.
Stages of tooth decay:
- The dentist can put fluoride varnish on the impacted region to prevent deterioration in the early phases of tooth decay.
- Instead, the dentist will remove tooth decay and substitute the tooth-formed hole with a fillet.
- Dentists follow this process if the tooth decay has worn down the denture (the tough exterior surface of the teeth) and has resulted in decomposition.
- If it damages the nerve in the middle of the tooth, the dentist coats it with a cap or filling.
Usually, when it becomes too hard to repair, dentists promote or recommend removal completely.
Use of Fluoride minimizes cavity
The most efficient therapy possible for preventing and limiting the spread of tooth decay is likely Fluoride.
- It is a natural mineral that we can also synthesize in foodstuffs and drinks, such as fish and tea.
- Toothpaste from which everyone gets their fluorides for teeth.
- These contain synthetic fluoride.
- This helps to protect the teeth by enamel reinforcement, which is more resistant to acids that can cause tooth decay.
Filling and crowns of cavity
Doctor advises that if the decay is more pushed, the damage must cover up with a fill or crown.
- A fill replaces the missing enamel.
- Various filling materials are available with the doctors.
- This includes amalgam, composite, and glass ionomer generally preferred for filling dental caries.
- They use crowns to treat highly damaged teeth. Especially, these Crowns are metal, porcelain extracts or both.
Treatment to Damaged nerve
The nerve may have to be removed and substituted by an artificial pulp.
- This will maintain the tooth in location if decay has spread to the glue. It’s called endodontics. Endodontics feels like a very painful thing, but it is nearly painless today owing to advancements in technology.
- They treat extremely damaged teeth with crowns. Such crowns are, in particular, metal, porcelain, or sometimes both.
The last choice is tooth extraction
There are certain conditions where a dentist has to change the approach to the cavity. They might remove the teeth in a severe problem of tooth decay to avoid infection spreading. Losing certain teeth can affect the strength and function of the adjacent teeth. In those types of conditions, the dentist mostly favors replacing the teeth with a partial denture, bridge, or implant.
These are the complications almost all people find in their lives. For children, you need to care for them accurately. Once there is an issue, there’s a solution. But we can prevent problems through our safety precautions. Health and our consciousness are more than a preference.